Before the Oral Session starts, the Chairs should make sure that all presentations are available in the laptop and that the AV equipment is working.
At the start of the session, the Chairs should quickly introduce themselves and the title of the session, and call each presenter. The Chairs must keep time of each presentation, informing each speaker when they have 3 minutes left. It is advisable that, before the session, the Chairs calculate at which time each presentation should end and a new one start. If there is sufficient time for questions at the end of a presentation, the Chairs should invite and manage questions. The Chairs should have at least one question for each speaker if none is forthcoming from the audience. Long answers must be cut-off in order to stick to the schedule and encourage those involved to follow it up over coffee.